Epistle Lection, May 4, 2014 1 Peter 1:17-23; Comments on the Greek text.

1Pe 1:17 Καὶ εἰ πατέρα ἐπικαλεῖσθε τὸν ἀπροσωπολήμπτως κρίνοντα κατὰ τὸ ἑκάστου ἔργον, ἐν φόβῳ[A] τὸν τῆς παροικίας[B] ὑμῶν χρόνον ἀναστράφητε· And if you call upon as “Father” the one who judges impartially, according to the work of each one, live out the season of your exile in fear;
1Pe 1:18 εἰδότες ὅτι οὐ φθαρτοῖς, ἀργυρίῳ ἢ χρυσίῳ, ἐλυτρώθητε ἐκ τῆς ματαίας[C] ὑμῶν ἀναστροφῆς πατροπαραδότου, knowing that you were ransomed from your worthless conduct inherited from [the] ancestors, not with corruptible [things,] with gold or silver,
1Pe 1:19 ἀλλὰ τιμίῳ αἵματι ὡς ἀμνοῦ ἀμώμου καὶ ἀσπίλου Χριστοῦ, but with the precious blood of Christ, like that of an unblemished and spotless lamb.
1Pe 1:20 προεγνωσμένου[D] μὲν πρὸ καταβολῆς κόσμου, φανερωθέντος δὲ ἐπ’ ἐσχάτου τῶν χρόνων δι’ ὑμᾶς [Christ was] foreknown before the foundation of the world, but manifested at the end of the times because of us,
1Pe 1:21 τοὺς δι’ αὐτοῦ πιστοὺς[E] εἰς θεὸν τὸν ἐγείραντα αὐτὸν ἐκ νεκρῶν καὶ δόξαν αὐτῷ δόντα, ὥστε τὴν πίστιν ὑμῶν καὶ ἐλπίδα εἶναι εἰς θεόν. who through him are faithful to [the] God who raised him from the dead and gave him glory, so that your faith and hope are in God.
1Pe 1:22 Τὰς ψυχὰς ὑμῶν ἡγνικότες ἐν[F] τῇ ὑπακοῇ τῆς ἀληθείας εἰς φιλαδελφίαν[G] ἀνυπόκριτον ἐκ καρδίας ἀλλήλους ἀγαπήσατε ἐκτενῶς, Having cleansed your souls in the obedience of truth for a sincere love of the brothers [and sisters], love one another fervently, from [the] heart.
1Pe 1:23 ἀναγεγεννημένοι οὐκ ἐκ σπορᾶς φθαρτῆς ἀλλὰ ἀφθάρτου, διὰ λόγου ζῶντος θεοῦ καὶ μένοντος· Since you have been born anew, not from corruptible seed but from incorruptible [seed], through [the] living and abiding Word of God.

[A] Or “reverence” or “awe.”

[B] The sense is being in a strange locale without benefit of citizenship.

[C] “worthless,” “vain” or “empty”

[D] Or possible “chosen beforehand.”

[E] or “who through him have come to believe in the God . . .”

[F] or “by”

[G] Interesting that the entire purpose of the purification of souls is here defined as a “sincere love of the brothers and sisters.”

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